Edorium Journal of

Pediatrics

 
     
Original Article
 
Trend and pattern of neonatal morbidity and mortality in Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Hadgu Gerensea
School of Nursing, College of Health Sciences and Referral Hospital, Axum University, Ethiopia

Article ID: 100001P05HG2017
doi:10.5348/P05-2017-1-OA-1

Address correspondence to:
Hadgu Gerensea
School of Nursing, College of Health Sciences and Referral Hospital
Axum University
Ethiopia

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How to cite this article
Gerensea H. Trend and pattern of neonatal morbidity and mortality in Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Edorium J Pediatr 2017;1:1–5.


Abstract
Aims: The first 28 days are almost pivotal period of life and out of 130 million neonates, four million die in the first month of life. Almost half of all neonatal deaths occur within the first 24 hours while 75% die within first seven days of life.
Methods: The main aim of this study was to assess four year pattern and trends of neonatal morbidity and mortality in Tigray Region using retrospective study design from patients' registration and Health Management Information System (HMIS) data. The data was interred and coded to Epi Info and exported to SPSS version 21 for statistics analysis.
Result: Neonatal sepsis, low birth weight and prematurity are the three leading cause of neonatal morbidity. Birth asphyxia is the least leading for morbidity but it is the 3rd leading cause for neonatal mortality next to sepsis and prematurity. The magnitude of neonatal morbidity and mortality in 2014–2015 is 3.9 and 4.9 times higher than 2011–2012.
Conclusion: Almost 80% of neonatal morbidity and mortality are caused by three easily preventable and manageable problems. The trend of neonatal morbidity and mortality will increase in upcoming years unless great effort and focus are giving for the three most leading cause of morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Trend, Neonatal, morbidity, mortality, Tigray


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Author Contributions:
Hadgu Gerensea – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Hadgu Gerensea. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



About The Author

Hadgu Gerensea is faculty in Department Head of Neonatal Nursing at Aksum University College of Health Science and Referral Hospital, Aksum, Ethiopia. He earned undergraduate degree in Nursing from Wolaita Sodo University, College of Health Science and postgraduate degree in Pediatric and Child Health Nursing from Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. He has published more than 15 research papers in national and international academic journals and authored one book. His research interests include under 5-year-old malnutrition and clinical trials. He intends to pursue PhD on eradication of malnutrition) in future.




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